No one in the small community of Battle Creek, Michigan knew that pipelines ran so close to their homes.
That changed whenan Enbridge pipeline burst, spilling more than 3,000 cubic metres of Canadian oil sands bitumen into the Kalamazoo River in 2010.
In interviews with CBC Radio One's On the Coast and All Points West, former Battle Creek resident, Michelle Barlond-Smith, says she was tipped off by the foul smell of the spill.
"You could smell something," she said, " — combine gasoline, tar, fingernail polish remover and asphalt."
Despite the smell, she thought nothing of it and went to bed. It wasn't until the next day when her neighbour told her what had happened.