WASHINGTON—As Brian Nowak made a beeline across Lafayette Square to the handmade "Minnesotans for Climate Action" banner, he was intercepted by a grinning 20-something.
"I'm so happy to see you here," the young man told the white-haired and bearded Nowak. "I was afraid it was only going to be people my age."
"Ditto," thought the 59-year-old architect from a Twin Cities suburb.
As the two mingled early Sunday afternoon in the park next to the White House, both were further relieved to discover that their fellow Keystone XL pipeline protesters were far from a homogenous lot. Skin tones varied from the palest of whites to the darkest of browns. The thousands who spilled into the nation's capital via train, bus, bicycle, car and airplane included babies in backpack carriers, kids tumbling in leaf piles, sign-toting grandmothers, men in suits and ties, college students with a knack for inventive chants—and a handful of leashed dogs elated to be cavorting on a brilliant and sunny autumn day.
The crowd's goal was to give President Obama what activists dubbed a "solidarity hug" by forming a human chain to encircle the White House grounds. At first, Nowak fretted that the monumental effort would flop if the hordes that had signed up didn't follow through on their convictions. But his worries vanished a few hours later, when what he had feared might be a mere trickle overflowed into a rumbling river of an estimated 10,000 people standing at least two to three deep, encircling what amounts to about eight city blocks. Most had donned organizer-issued orange vests, so an aerial view would have resembled a bizarrely colored moat around the most famous address in America.
Nowak could have stayed home in the Upper Midwest, fleshing out plans for an ultra-low energy house he's designing so he and his wife can reduce their carbon footprint.
"But why should I bother with that if the big issue, this tar sands pipeline, isn't being addressed?" Nowak said about the $7 billion, 1,702-mile project that opponents have labeled a "carbon bomb." "I figured this is where I need to put my energy. This is going to be a watershed day."
President Lending an Ear?
As author and Middlebury College professor Bill McKibben circulated through the park, he seemed astounded that 13,000-plus demonstrators had registered through Tar Sands Action and other advocacy organizations to form a ring around the White House.
"Clearly a lot of people recognize the gravity of the situation," McKibben, founder of 350.org, told InsideClimate News a few minutes before the 2 p.m. rally kicked off. "I'm just glad to see how bold and determined they are to make a difference."
Though actor Mark Ruffalo and other celebrities addressed participants from a small stage in the center of Lafayette Park, the crowd anointed McKibben as the top glitterati "get" of the afternoon. Young demonstrators lined up like hungry ducklings clamoring for his autograph on their cardboard protest signs. The affable and lanky activist with the boyish smile also accommodated a parade of journalists, whether they wielded a notebook, a digital recorder or a camera.
He drew cheers when he told participants to "forget this red-state, blue-state stuff. This is the whole country coming together." And more applause followed when he pleaded with Obama for "no more of this stunt double in the Oval Office. We need the real thing."
For months, McKibben and his coalition have pressured the president to stop hiding behind the State Department and accept full responsibility for granting or denying the pipeline permit. Their prodding began in earnest when McKibben and more than 1,200 protesters were arrested at a two-week summer sit-in at the White House that he spearheaded. Their efforts, he added, are reaping results. Last week Obama said publically that he will have the last word on the pipeline, which would pump up to 900,000 barrels of oil daily from the tar sands mines of Alberta to refineries along the U.S. Gulf Coast.
"The president seems to be stepping up," McKibben said. "I will give the guy credit for saying that he will be making the decision. That's what we've been saying all along."
McKibben attributed Obama's turnaround to a recent big-media ad campaign launched by pipeline opponents urging the president to halt an "environmental crime in progress." Also, Keystone XL protesters have dogged Obama at campaign and fundraising events across the country.
Circle Is Unbroken
Sunday's rally began with 60 minutes worth of encouragement from McKibben and an assortment of actors, politicians, clergy, ranchers, activists and environmental leaders. Nowak snapped digital photographs of attention-grabbers, such as a protester with a cutout of an oil-stained bird perched on her head, and e-mailed them to friends back home.
"I knew there was a reason my wife told me I needed a smart phone," he joked about adapting to new technology. "But with these fingers, I'm just not very dexterous."
Close to 3 p.m., organizers divided the swelling masses into brown, red and orange teams bound for the White House.
Leading the way was an impressively enormous pipeline replica crafted from black plastic emblazoned with "Stop the Pipeline" in giant white letters. Dozens of volunteers kept the caterpillar-like creation aloft on their fingertips. It measured several hundred feet long, a portable fan at its rear blowing enough air to keep it from collapsing.