When Hurricane Floyd hit New Jersey in September 1999, 12-year-old Erika Navarro dashed out to her driveway to experience the storm firsthand. For at least 10 minutes she stood in the wind and pelting rain, watching the lake across the street flood its banks.
"It was just completely incredible," she recalled. "I had never seen that much rain falling from the sky, and never seen that much destruction from one event."
The hurricane cemented a lifelong fascination with natural disasters, and led Navarro into her current career as a Ph.D. candidate at the University of Washington, where she studies hurricane forecasting and how solar radiation affects the strength of hurricanes.
When a professor in her department recently asked Navarro to add her voice to More Than Scientists, a climate change public outreach project, Navarro leaped at the chance.
"I've always accepted [that] as a scientist...I have an obligation to reach out to the public," she said.
More Than Scientists officially launched on Monday with the release of more than 200 video clips featuring some 20 scientists. In these videos, researchers like Navarro discuss their motivations, hopes and fears for the future. They address scientific misconceptions and tell personal stories about how their work connects with the wider world.
In one video, University of Washington (UW) oceanography professor LuAnne Thompson described visiting her family farm in Kansas and watching farmers struggle with drought—the kind of natural disaster that will be exacerbated by global warming.
In another clip, UW Ph.D. student Bryce Harrop, a home brewer, worried about how climate change could affect the future of food––and beer.
Eric Michelman, the Seattle-based climate activist behind the campaign, said he started the project to get more climate scientists' voices into public conversations about global warming.
Intro video for the new campaign (hundreds of clips can be seen here):
Much of the discussion is warped and misrepresented by various agendas, he said, adding that the public needs accurate information about climate change. Scientists have "a lot to say and ultimately it comes down to their work," he said.
Most of the videos on the site were recorded by Michelman's team and feature researchers from UW, the Massachusetts Institute of Technology and Harvard University. Now that the site has launched, Michelman said, he encourages all climate scientists to submit their own videos.
The project has some similarities to Is This How You Feel?, another outreach project launched last year where climate scientists wrote letters describing their feelings about global warming.
In More Than Scientists, Michelman wanted the researchers to speak from their personal experience "as community members, as fellow parents, concerned citizens and neighbors."
Navarro said that relatability is important for public trust. "The best teachers and the best coaches are able to personalize what they're doing" and why they're doing it, she said.
Climate change has always been personal for Navarro, but hurricanes made it even more personal. Thirteen years after Hurricane Floyd, Superstorm Sandy "completely demolished everywhere where I grew up," including the beaches and boardwalk where Navarro spent so much time with her family, she said in one of the videos. "Hurricanes will get stronger in the future" as climate change drives stronger storms, she concluded. "I study this because I care, because I don't want that to keep happening, and I want people to know that this is a possibility."
A common theme in the videos is the scientists' concern for the future of their children.
Guillaume Mauger, a UW postdoctoral researcher who studies climate adaptation, appeared in a clip while sitting next to his wife and two daughters. "One of the things that really makes this topic important to me is thinking about this longer-term future," he said, as his 8-month-old babbled away and his 3-year-old walked along the couch. "It's really when these two [kids] come to their retirement age that the choices we make today start to matter a lot...That really brings it to the present for me."
Many of the scientists, including Navarro, urged viewers to take action by discussing climate change with their friends and neighbors, or to contact their elected officials.
The scientists aren't advocating for specific policies or politics, Michelman said. Instead, they're talking about the need for society to solve the climate problem.
"Just as we are focused on making sure that political candidates talk about education or crime [or] healthcare, we need to not accept silence on the issue of climate change anymore," MIT atmospheric scientist David McGee said in a video clip. "We need to ask elected officials to talk about solutions, to talk about what they're going to do."
"Now is the time to act," Navarro said in another video. "Because if we wait 20 years, it's just going to be 20 more years piled up on top of what's already done."
Navarro said she's aware that some older scientists might urge young researchers like herself to avoid controversy and avert any possibility of being seen as advocates until they have established careers. But she has no regrets about speaking out.
We need to act now, so that 20 years from now when "I am an established scientist, there's actually a world to live in," Navarro said.
"It's coming to the time where we can't be afraid to speak," she said. "If I'm talking about my planet and my future and securing lives, I don't know if I can be too much of an advocate for things like that."