SolarCity Aims to Power Nation's Smaller Businesses

With households and large companies turning to solar, SolarCity moves to make its power accessible for the smaller commercial market.

Jul 28, 2015

Workers for SolarCity Corp., the nation's largest residential solar service provider, install panels on a residence. Credit: Steve & Michelle Gerdes

In a move to accelerate the spread of solar power in the United States, the nation's largest residential solar installer launched a new offering Tuesday aimed at the underserved  small- and medium-sized business market.

SolarCity has grown quickly with a boost from new financing options for residential  installations that have removed or significantly lowered the up-front costs.  Now the company hopes to do the same thing for smaller commercial customers.

SolarCity said it will start in its home state of California, targeting businesses with 5,000 to 50,000 square feet of available flat roof space for solar systems that will generate between 30 and 500 kilowatts of power at a cost 5 to 20 percent below California market rates. The business would have a fixed lease payment over the life of the 20-year contract.

The company eventually hopes to expand beyond California and offer service to a market that includes more than 28 million small and medium-sized businesses nationwide.

For years, that market has largely been left to smaller, local solar companies because costs and financing challenges made the market unattractive for the national solar installers such as SolarCity and SunEdison, according to SolarCity chief executive officer Lyndon Rive. The company's chairman is Elon Musk, founder of Paypal and Tesla, the electric car and renewable energy company.

For its large business and government installations, SolarCity worked with subcontractors to perform the work—which is too expensive  for smaller commercial projects, according to Rive.

That and limited access to credit to finance the work has caused the smaller business market to lag behind installation rates for residential and corporate customers, said Rive, who noted, "We think we've cracked the nut on both of those."

Rive said SolarCity will cut the cost of serving that market 30 percent by using its own crews and technology to speed up installation and fit more solar panels on each roof. In California, solar leasing customers can now tap into the state's Property Assessed Clean Energy (PACE) program, which allows businesses and residents investing in energy efficiency and renewable energy to add the costs onto property tax bills as an assessment. Late last year, California expanded the program to include leased solar transactions too.

The PACE program allows customers to begin saving on energy bills without paying the full cost up front. The energy savings is meant to more than offset the larger property tax bills. The payments can also be tax deductible along with the property taxes.

Eventually, SolarCity expects small- and medium-sized businesses to be the second-largest market for rooftop solar. But, Rive said, the market "needs time to mature."

The announcement comes a day before the company releases its second-quarter earnings, which will show that the fast-growing company is not yet profitable. Last quarter, SolarCity posted a net loss of $147 million. 


The company, founded in 2006, employs 12,000 and operates in 18 states. It expects to install enough solar panels to 1 gigawatt of power this year.

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